Exploring BTLT’s Newest Conservation Success

View of the Cathance River from the newly conserved Tardiff Property.

The Tardiff Property in Topsham will soon provide diverse recreational resources to the public.

By Susan Olcott

This season, I am thankful for places that are wild and muddy. And, there’s a place just outside of town that will soon be open to the public that fits that bill – a rare combination of wetlands, rivers, forest, and even vernal pools. It is home to unusual species such as the Least Bittern and Parker’s Pipewort. Timber was cut there for many years and a 19th century farmhouse looks over it all. And, on a crisp November morning, my girls and I had a rare opportunity to explore it with Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust’s (BTLT) Executive Director, Angela Twitchell.

The first frost glistened on crisp leaves crunching under foot and tiny stalagmites of ice poked up from the mud around frozen pools at the base of uprooted trees. We clambered over an old road down to the shores of the river to squish on low tide mud and discover bubbles trapped in windows of ice jaggedly arranged amidst the marsh grasses.

So, where is this? You may not have heard of the Muddy River before, but you are more likely to be familiar with the Cathance River. The Cathance runs through a stellar series of trails managed by BTLT and the Cathance River Education Alliance (CREA). Nestled between the Cathance and the Muddy Rivers is a parcel of land in Topsham that has been privately owned for years by the Tardiff family.

The family lived in a historic home on the property and when surrounding lands began to be developed into neighborhoods, they started thinking about ways to keep their land free from development. This led them to BTLT, which has been working to conserve areas around the Cathance River for years. The Land Trust has been slowly building a network of 20 properties along the river, now totaling over 1,000 acres. These properties provide wildlife corridors and an important natural buffer to keep clean the rivers that flow into Merrymeeting Bay. The Tardiff property helps to provide a critical missing connection between two Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife properties – the Merrymeeting Bay Wildlife Management Area and the Muddy River Wildlife Management Area.

Exploring at Tardiff.

When the Tardiff Family offered to sell the 121-acre parcel to BTLT, the Land Trust was thrilled to have this opportunity. With the support of grants from Maine’s Natural Resource Conservation Program and the Merrymeeting Bay Trust, BTLT completed the purchase this fall.

As we walked down the old woods road, we began to envision how the property might be used. Perhaps a loop trail stemming from a parking area off Route 24 could lead visitors across the old farm fields, into the woods, and along the shores of the Cathance. But, this is only half the property – on the other side of the road, there could be a similar set of trails leading to the Muddy River. What a neat opportunity to explore two rivers across a historic piece of farmland.

We were lucky to get a sneak peak at the property, but it won’t be too long before it will be accessible to the public. BTLT will be working over the next year and a half or so, aiming to have trails ready for exploration in the Spring of 2019. In the meantime, this coming Spring I plan to visit it again by water, as Angela described you could do by kayak starting at the Head of Tide property, passing the Tardiff land, and ending at the Bowdoinham Town Landing. In the meantime, I am thankful for the opportunity to imagine how this property will take shape and become another jewel in the crown of protected lands around Merrymeeting Bay.


We’re happy to announce the the Land Trust is now the proud owner of a Stihl chainsaw, which was generously donated by business member Chad Little in Brunswick along with protective chaps and a helmet. The Land Trust is thrilled to put the chainsaw to good use, keeping our 17 miles of trails clear and safe.

Volunteers at the Heart of Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust’s Work

An enthusiastic crowd of Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust (BTLT) volunteers gathered at The Brunswick Inn on Thursday evening in an event to recognize and thank the many volunteers who help conserve and steward land, build trails, and connect our community to the land.

The Land Trust is lucky to have more than 50 volunteers who help us with our work to steward some of the most special lands in our community. Last Thursday night was an opportunity for BTLT to express our gratitude and give a little something back to the volunteers who are at the heart of our organization.

“The hundreds of hours contributed by volunteers make it possible to manage and monitor 52 conservation properties and maintain our trails,” said Margaret Gerber, BTLT Land and Stewardship Associate.

The volunteers were also able to view the new film Community Conservation by local filmmaker, Mark Ireland, which highlights several ongoing projects of BTLT.

The Brunswick Inn is a Land Trust Business Partner and generously hosted the event and provided delicious sustenance to the group. Highlights of BTLT stewardship work in the past year include:

  • Building new trails at Chase Reserve in Brunswick and along the Androscoggin River in Topsham;
  • Monitoring 29 easement properties and 14 Land Trust-owned properties;
  • Engaging 15 dedicated Trail Monitors who keep a watchful eye on the 17 miles of BTLT trails and help keep them passable and enjoyable for all users;
  • Utilizing a tireless cadre of diehard Trail Stewards that tackle blow downs, bog bridging, stone hauling, you name it to keep trails safe and open;
  • Replacing and improving the Beaver Brook Bridge at the popular Cathance River Nature Preserve.

Looking ahead to the 2017 work season, the BTLT Stewardship team will focus on:

  • Kicking off the season on Earth Day with half day work parties at the Farmers’ Market Green and the Labyrinth in the Woods;
  • Improving access and trails at the newly conserved Woodward Cove property;
  • Replacing bog bridging and improving existing trails on the Heath Loop at the Cathance River Nature Preserve.

“Managing and caring for the lands that we conserve is some of the most important work that we do at the Land Trust and it is a commitment that we make forever with each property we conserve”, says Angela Twitchell, BTLT Executive Director.

Over the next several years, BTLT hopes to raise $2 million for stewardship endowment to underwrite the cost of stewardship above and beyond the significant contribution made by the dedicated team of BTLT volunteers.

The Land Trust has been working for over 35 years in the Brunswick-Topsham region to strengthen their community through conservation. They manage over 17 miles of trails, the Saturday Farmers Market at Crystal Spring Farm, Tom Settlemire Community Garden, and the Labyrinth in the Woods, along will a diverse array of events and programs.

“We couldn’t do all the work that we do without the support and partnership of our volunteers and members, especially our business members like the Brunswick Inn,” said Twitchell.

Land Trust Partnership with Bowdoin Student Highlighted

We were excited to see this project by Mikayla Kifer highlighted on the Bowdoin website. We worked closely with Mikayla in the fall of 2016 on her interactive GIS “story map” called Invasive Species Management for the Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust

We love partnering with Bowdoin students in all of the diverse ways that we do. This project was particularly rewarding because this map is so useful to us and the community, and the connection we made with Mikayla is continuing to grow.

Thank you to Mikayla and Eileen Johnson, Program Manager of the Bowdoin Environmental Studies Program.

Overview of the Story Map:

“In order to understand the current data collection and invasive management capabilities of the BTLT and make recommendations for improvements to data collection methods, this study uses data on invasive species made available by the BTLT and iMap Invasives, a data collection and management system, and visualizes and analyzes it to determine its capabilities and weaknesses.

This study primarily addresses two questions: (1) What is the range and extent of invasive species on BTLT properties? (2) How should the BTLT move forward in collecting data on invasive species on their properties?”

Times Record: Stewardship, volunteering contributing to healthy trails

Stewardship, volunteering contributing to healthy trails


Times Record Staff

Irene Syphers spends most of her days deep in the woods, shovel or pick ax in hand, the current trail work project on her mind.

Though she has put in many hours of hard work this summer, she doesn’t want her work to be noticeable. Syphers said that trail work is meant to uphold the natural beauty of the land, while making access easy and presentable.

“I don’t want people even knowing I’ve been here,” said Syphers, who is in the midst of a 10-week summer steward internship with the Brunswick Topsham Land Trust, a nonprofit organization that oversees the upkeep of hiking trails in the southern Midcoast. “But if you do see me, I’ll put you to work,”

Syphers recently was building a water bar at Skofield Preserve in Brunswick near Middle Bay salt marsh on Tuesday. Syphers said the water bar would help transfer water across the trail so it doesn’t flood.

Program coordinator Caroline Eliot said stewards like Syphers promotes the growth of their volunteer program.

“Irene is great about mobilizing any resources she gets,” said Eliot, who brings in volunteer stewards to assist with projects.

Some common volunteer stewards include Apogee Adventures youth, made up of kids aged 11-14. There are also high schoolers who want to serve the community, Bowdoin College students and retirees who sign up online. BTLT also shares summer stewards with Kennebec Estuary Land Trust, a relationship that Eliot champions.

“I think it’s a really effective way of sharing resources,” said Eliot. “This is the fifth or sixth year we’ve been working with them. There’s a lot of partnering going on between non-profits these days.”

Byron Scheudt, a steward at KELT, was on hand to assist Syphers in water bar construction on Tuesday.

“This is the first time I’ve done work with (BTLT),” said Scheudt. “We like to help out (BTLT) any way we can, even if it’s lending each other tools.”

Another large trail project is taking place at Chase Reserve on Bunganuc Road in Brunswick, a 194-acre easement property.

“It’s a backwoods trail with a lot of deer, moose and other animals,” said Syphers. “We’re using a grip hoist to take down a big blow-down there tomorrow.”

Additionally, Syphers spent a day putting up signs at Chase Reserve last week, and spends “copious amounts of hours assessing the trails there.”

“Every project takes a lot of work,” said Syphers. “You spend hours before the project emailing and coordinating, gather your materials, carry everything out to the site. A project that takes a day in the field actually takes two days. That’s why more volunteers are great. I can’t move all of this stuff myself.”

But with projects like the Chase Reserve, BTLT is starting to see the fruits of its labor.

“It’s rewarding to get a piece of land that has nothing and transform it, watch the people show up,” said Eliot. “Since Chase Reserve is an easement property it adds a whole different layer.”

Eliot said that BTLT owns most of their land outright, but easement properties allow them to work with the landowners to make sure they’re aware of all changes.

“There’s a wonderful landowner at Chase who is great to work with,” said Eliot. “There are a lot of dimensions to this that people don’t see.”

And though Syphers said that her best work blends in with nature, she does stop to admire her achievements every now and then.

“It’s very satisfying to build a bog bridge and walk across it for the first time,” Syphers said.



Click here to read a recent Time Record article about the Land Trust's stewardship efforts.

Click here to read a recent Time Record article about the Land Trust’s stewardship efforts.

Over the past three decades, Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust has conserved over 2,400 acres of the most productive and diverse lands in the region. Each conservation project comes with a deep and permanent responsibility to monitor and care for, or steward, the land forever.

With thousands of acres of farm, forest, and wetland, seventeen miles of trail, a Farmers’ Market, Community Garden, and Labyrinth to manage, the  Land Trust’s stewardship work is diverse.

The Land Trust is increasing efforts to engage the community in a variety of ways to build support for this stewardship work which is so vital to the future ecological, economic, and social health of the community.

“We have to maintain a very active presence on our conservation properties to ensure their values are maintained over time – for outdoor recreation, traditional land uses like farming and forestry, scenic views, plant and animal habitat, water quality protection, and much more,” says Land Trust Associate Director Caroline Eliot.

“Every land owner knows that things change over time.  Neighbors and surrounding land uses can change, and how the public uses our properties changes too.  Sometimes these changes bring challenges that require an immediate response. It’s important to demonstrate that we’re paying attention to every property we own or steward.”

The Land Trust’s stewardship program is strong and robust, and it continues to build on past successes, even as the demands of stewarding local lands increase for this small non-profit.

Since 2009, the number of properties managed by the Land Trust has more than doubled.

All of its fifty-two protected properties must be visited at least once a year for monitoring. This work is done primarily by volunteers, but training, coordinating, and supporting these dedicated stewards takes considerable effort.

Quite a few of the Land Trust’s conservation properties are privately–owned and protected from development by deed restrictions called ‘conservation easements.’  Easements identify the property’s special values, such as habitat, open space, scenic qualities, watershed protection, and others, then state which activities are allowed and which are not allowed so that the unique qualities of the place will last. The Land Trust must inspect easement properties annually to ensure the terms of the easement are being met. When issues are found, such as an activity that is not consistent with the intent or terms of the  easement, the staff must work with the landowner to resolve the issue. Most issues are inadvertent and result from misunderstanding or forgetting about specific easement terms.  The vast majority of issues are resolved amicably, but this work takes time. Similarly, like any other property, easement-protected land periodically changes owners – requiring an investment of time by the Land Trust in  establishing and maintaining a good relationship with the new owners, many of whom are unfamiliar with the responsibilities and limitations associated with conservation easements.

While easements require regular attention, in a typical year, it is the Land Trust’s public access properties that need the most care. As the region grows more popular, community members and visitors are increasingly aware of the many places the Land Trust makes available for recreation. As a result, trails are experiencing much higher levels of use. Many of the Land Trust’s seventeen miles of trail were built in the early 2000s. The infrastructure along these trails, and sometimes the trails themselves, now require replacement or major refurbishment.

“While we hope visitors see a trail that looks and feels like it needs little or no maintenance,” says Land Trust Executive Director Angela Twitchell, “In fact, keeping trails safe and beautiful requires constant effort – clearing blowdowns, clipping branches, protecting waterways from siltation, maintaining signs and blazes, and addressing issues such as unauthorized vehicles and uses.”

In the past, with fewer overall miles and much newer trails, trail maintenance was managed by a few volunteers – mostly Board Members of the Land Trust.  More recently, with trail maintenance needs growing and the public’s expectations of trail conditions increasing, the Land Trust has had to add dedicated stewardship staff and more actively recruit, train, and coordinate stewardship volunteers.

Eliot points to a new program as an example. “We started a trail monitoring program in 2015 and have a great crop of dedicated trail monitors who serve as our eyes and ears on the ground,” says Eliot.

“We also have a small but committed group of trail workers, mostly retired folks who love to be outdoors. They bring wonderful skills to our work, but we always need strong young volunteers to help as well. One of our biggest challenges is finding strong young people to help with moving materials such as stone and timbers into the trails.”

“In my opinion, the Land Trust’s trails are some of the most outstanding features of our community,” says volunteer trail steward Wayne Whitney.

He explains his dedication to the work in this way: “I spend hot, sometimes buggy summer days doing this work because I like being in the woods getting healthy physical exercise. I get to work with caring people who share a common vision, and I believe we’re doing something worthwhile. I want future generations to have the same opportunity – both to volunteer and to enjoy these trails.”

In recent years the growing need for regular trail maintenance and trail refurbishment due to increased foot traffic, in addition to opportunities to build new trails on recently protected properties has made an all-volunteer force infeasible.

“We need to have people who can respond immediately to an issue, for example, if there’s a safety issue on a trail or a high-impact, unauthorized use. And we need people who can put in long hours building or refurbishing major sections of trail,” says Eliot.

“We currently have between 1.2 and 1.4 FTE staff working in stewardship, including a summer intern and other seasonal paid stewardship help. We’ll need at least this much staff time for stewardship, though likely more, in the coming years.”

The Land Trust also dedicates staff time to community and youth education in an effort to build support for stewardship. “I believe engaging the public in the care of our community’s special places is a key part of stewardship, explains Land Trust Outreach and Education Coordinator Nikkilee Cataldo.

“We want everyone to have the opportunity to connect with nature, and caring for this public resource – our trails – is a particularly nice way to do this. We also want  to give children the opportunity to experience the wonder of the natural world. We want to cultivate in them at least a familiarity with, and hopefully  a deep connection to these lands. This connection should enhance their  personal wellbeing and help them  value the natural world so they’ll grow up to be engaged and compassionate community members.”

Toward that end, the Land Trust runs over fifty educational events each year, and established its Young Explorers program to get young families outdoors and familiar with the natural features of our region.

Looking to the future, stewardship work will consume a larger proportion of the Land Trust’s limited resources as the amount of conserved land grows and maintenance needs increase. To be prepared for these stewardship demands, the Land Trust is making a concerted effort to raise awareness of, and funds for, its all-important stewardship work. Its recently completed comprehensive capital campaign established the Land Trust’s first stewardship endowment, and the ongoing Raffle for Stewardship is helping the Land Trust raise funds for that endowment and engage community members in conversations about the need for ongoing stewardship support.

Each raffle ticket sold for the beautiful, locally hand-built Night Heron Kayak helps support the Land Trust’s stewardship program and is a great opportunity for supporters to win an amazing boat. The boat is on display each week at the Saturday Farmers’ Market at Crystal Spring Farm, and tickets can be purchased at www.btlt.org/kayak.

More than anything, the Land Trust wants community members to get out on its beautiful trails, enjoy its public programs, and understand the value of conserved lands (easements) that are not accessible to the public – such as working farms, secluded forested habitat, wetlands, and watershed land. All these lands make the community an amazing place to live and visit – adding incalculable additional value to the community. Stewarding the land is the ‘forever’ but often forgotten part of conservation. But Brunswick-Topsham Land Trust is working hard to raise the visibility of and support for this work.

Trail Steward Wayne Whitney sums up the effort in his own words, “My vision is that a century from now people will experience the same sense of well-being, happiness, and serenity I feel when using our trails.  That’s why stewardship is so important to me.”

Stewardship Spring 2016 Edition

By Stewardship Intern Irene Syphers

The stewardship season is ramping up – from Cathance River Trail bog bridge inventory to tread mitigation from unauthorized vehicle use at Crystal Spring Farm trails. In the past couple of months, I’ve had the pleasure of exploring, healing, and forging new trails throughout the BTLT trail systems.

Looking forward, our projects include getting the Chase Reserve and Topsham River trails open while proceeding with maintenance to tread and other features on existing trails.

The newly conceived Topsham River Trail is just one of our exciting summer projects.  The Town of Topsham has engaged us to construct this gorgeous pedestrian trail along the lower Androscoggin River.  Working with volunteers and our summer stewards, we will be hardening the trail and building erosion control and stream crossing structures.

The new trails at Chase Reserve are taking shape. Upcoming work includes installing bog bridges across wet areas and stream crossings, as well as removing hazard trees and blow downs. The most recent installments are stepping stones (pictured below).

On a brisk April morning, superstar volunteer, Terry, met me to quarry and set stones. In this venture, Terry and I used rock bars (large crowbar-esque tools) to locate prime rocks in the mushy, half-frozen ground. Once rocks are located, the moisture level of the ground is considered. By the time we’re ready to roll them to the installation site on the trail, we’re already covered in mud! Installation of the stones is meditative work, requiring careful evaluation of the site and our materials.  We identify the best side of the stone to face up (that would be the flat side!) , take note of the stone’s bottom shape, and dig the perfect hole to fit the bottom. When the rocks are thrown into the hold, stability is assessed, and – ta-da! – stepping stones are set.














Moose Rub

Moose Rub

Other summer stewardship projects will include continuing improvements on some of our much-loved trails at Cathance River Nature Preserve. In an effort to improve drainage and longevity of tread, we will be upgrading a culvert on the Barnes Leap Trail, rerouting stretches of the Highland Trail to cut down on bog bridging, and creating new access trails from the relocated Hiker Parking.

Let us know if you’d love to volunteer.